U.S. Veterinarians 2016
|U.S. veterinary positions (among employed veterinarians)
Definitions of categories below
|Total as of
December 31, 20161,2
|Percent of total||Male
Private clinical practice
|Food animal exclusive||1,243||1.8%||78.6%||21.4%|
|Food animal predominant||3,311||4.9%||77.2%||22.8%|
|Companion animal predominant||6,121||9.0%||53.0%||47.0%|
|Companion animal exclusive||44,667||65.5%||38.8%||61.2%|
|Total private practice||68,213||100%||43.4%||56.6%|
Public & corporate employment
|College or university||6,702||41.5%||43.3%||56.7%|
|State or local government||1,051||6.5%||49.8%||50.2%|
|Other public & corporate||2,420||15.0%||33.6%||66.4%|
|Total public & corporate||16,146||100%||46.2%||53.8%|
|Not listed above||1,763|
|Total # of positions held by
1 Includes active AVMA members (Regular, Recent Graduates, and Educational) and Non-members (Excludes non-members born prior to 1946 and non-members who received their veterinary degree prior to 1972)
2 Veterinarians may hold more than one position.
The species categories listed under private clinical practice can be defined by the following calculations.
- Food animal exclusive: Sum of (Bovine, Porcine, Ovine/Caprine, Camelid, Cervid and Poultry) is at least 90% of the contact.
- Food animal predominant: Sum of (Bovine, Porcine, Ovine/Caprine, Camelid, Cervid and Poultry) is at least 50% of the contact.
- Mixed animal: Varied species with at least 25% from companion animal and 25% from either food animal or equine.
- Companion animal predominant: Sum of (Canine, Feline, Avian (non-poultry) and Exotics) is at least 50% of the contact.
- Companion animal exclusive: Sum of (Canine, Feline, Avian (non-poultry) and Exotics) is at least 90% of the contact.
- Equine: Combination of equine predominant and exclusive where there's at least 50% contact with equines.