AVMA animal welfare principles
The AVMA, as a medical authority for the health and welfare of animals, offers the following eight integrated principles for developing and evaluating…
Welfare Implications of Electroimmobilization
Electroimmobilization is the use of electrical current to restrain conscious animals by causing paralysis.
Welfare Implications of Ovariectomy in Cattle
Peer-reviewed summary for veterinarians of scientific literature related to the welfare implications of ovariectomy in cattle.
Welfare Implications of Castration of Cattle
Castration of male cattle is common practice throughout the world.