AVMA animal welfare principles
The AVMA, as a medical authority for the health and welfare of animals, offers the following eight integrated principles for developing and evaluating…
Welfare Implications of Electroimmobilization
Electroimmobilization is the use of electrical current to restrain conscious animals by causing paralysis.
Welfare Implications of Ovariectomy in Cattle
Peer-reviewed summary for veterinarians of scientific literature related to the welfare implications of ovariectomy in cattle.
Welfare Implications of Canine Devocalization
Devocalization (also termed debarking, devoicing or bark softening) is a surgical procedure performed under general anesthesia to resect varying…
Welfare Implications of Ear Cropping-Dogs
Some dog breeds in the US customarily have their ears reduced with a blade or scissors to modify shape and/or allow a naturally drooping ear to stand…
Welfare Implications of Tail Docking-Dogs
Peer-reviewed summary of scientific literature related to the welfare implications of amputation of part of a dog’s tail.
Welfare Implications of Castration of Cattle
Castration of male cattle is common practice throughout the world.