U.S. veterinarians 2019

Total = 116,091

Male = 42,971
Female = 72,928
Unknown=192


U.S. Veterinary Positions (among employed veterinarians)
Definitions of categories below

Private Clinical Practice

 
Total as of
December 31, 20191,2
Percent of Total
Male
%
Female
%
Food animal exclusive
1,286
1.8%
77.1%
22.9%
Food animal predominant
3,105
8.7%
74.3%
25.7%
Mixed animal
4,182
5.7%
56.0%
44.0%
Companion animal predominant     
6,372
8.7%
49.0%
51.0%
Companion animal exclusive
48,898
66.6%
35.9%
64.0%
Equine
4,125
5.6%
45.8%
54.2%
Other
309
0.4%
35.3%
64.7%
Species Unspecified
5,096
6.9%
21.8%
78.1%
Total Private Practice
73,373
100%
40.1%
59.9%

Public & Corporate Employment

 
Total as of
December 31, 20191,2
Percent of Total
Male
%
Female
%
College or university
6,889
40.8%
41.2%
58.8%
Federal government
1,869
11.1%
51.0%
49.0%
State or local government
1,122
6.6%
45.3%
54.7%
Uniformed services
760
4.5%
48.2%
51.7%
Industry
3,555
21.0%
53.1%
46.9%
Other Public & Corporate
2,702
16.0%
30.1%
69.9%
Total Public & Corporate
16,897
100%
43.3%
56.7%
Employment Unknown
28,375
 
 
 
Not Listed Above
2,007
Total # of Positions held by U.S. Veterinarians
120,652

1 Includes active AVMA members (Regular, Recent Graduates, and Educational) and Non-members (Excludes non-members born prior to 1948 and non-members who received their veterinary degree prior to 1974)
2 Veterinarians may hold more than one position.

Updated 3/20.

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The species categories listed under Private Clinical Practice can be defined by the following calculations.

Species categories

  • Food animal exclusive: Sum of (Bovine, Porcine, Ovine/Caprine, Camelid, Cervid and Poultry) is at least 90% of the contact.
  • Food animal predominant: Sum of (Bovine, Porcine, Ovine/Caprine, Camelid, Cervid and Poultry) is at least 50% of the contact.
  • Mixed animal: Varied species with at least 25% from companion animal and 25% from either food animal or equine.
  • Companion animal predominant: Sum of (Canine, Feline, Avian (non-poultry) and Exotics) is at least 50% of the contact.
  • Companion animal exclusive: Sum of (Canine, Feline, Avian (non-poultry) and Exotics) is at least 90% of the contact.
  • Equine: Combination of equine predominant and exclusive where there's at least 50% contact with equines.