Embryo transfer and advanced reproductive technology procedures are functions of veterinary practice. The procedures require diagnosis, use of legend drugs or bio-similars, have the potential for extra-label drug use, and may require surgery. Embryo transfer and advanced reproductive technology procedures demand a licensed veterinarian's extensive knowledge in anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, biochemistry, endocrinology, and sterile surgical procedures. Non-veterinarians or embryo transfer technicians should work under the direct supervision of a licensed veterinarian.
Advanced reproductive technology procedures should adhere to AVMA policies, such as Physical restraint of animals and Livestock handling tools and the Animal Welfare Principles.
Embryo transfer and advanced reproductive technology procedures should be approved by an Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) when practiced by research institutions with properly trained scientists or veterinarians. These projects must be conducted under approved animal care and use policies with guidelines for animal welfare and monitored by a committee that includes a licensed veterinarian.
Embryo transfer procedures and advanced reproductive technology procedures are regulated by the various state practice acts. The AVMA encourages all veterinarians, non-veterinarians and embryo transfer technicians to conform to the laws of the states in which they practice.