Travel and animal importation
Any person returning to the United States from a country where African swine fever has been detected should:
- Declare any overseas farm visits to U.S. Customs when returning.
- Only bring back safe items.
- Wait at least five days before entering a farm or any other location where pigs are found. This includes livestock markets, zoos, circuses, and pet stores with minipigs or pot-bellied pigs.
Importing animals, including pets
Many pets and other animals, including swine, are brought to America from countries where African swine fever has been detected. Farmers should consult with a veterinarian before allowing imported animals on their properties, including pets.
When animals come from areas or countries where African swine fever has been detected, these protocols should be followed:
- Bathe animals as soon as they reach their destination.
- Keep animals separate from all livestock for at least five days after they enter the United States. The legal requirement may vary from state to state, so you should confirm the timeframe with your state animal health official.
- Sanitize crates, bedding, and other material that accompanies imported animals.
- Inquire about the animal’s travel history, and verify that all appropriate importation regulations are followed for dogs or other animals brought into the country.
Mixed animal veterinarians who care for both pets and swine should be careful to follow sanitation measures such as handwashing, bathing, and/or using sanitary coverings when moving between work with pets and pig farms. This includes sanitizing all equipment.
Veterinarians should exercise similar precautions if working with pets that recently have consumed pig ears or other pork products sourced from a country where African swine fever has been detected.
The veterinary profession has a responsibility to animals throughout their lives. In the event that affected animals need to be depopulated or euthanized, the AVMA’s guidelines on euthanasia, depopulation, and slaughter protect animal’s welfare at the end of life. View the guidelines: