January 15, 2004

The CAT DEBATE Stakeholders with disparate views forge ahead Four generations of cats have colonized Mike and Marge's back yard since they opened their camper two years ago for the growing population of homeless cats they found themselves feeding. Four litters of kittens were born this past summer alone. Until recently, their appeals for help in humanely trapping the cats to give them a chance at a home have gone unheard. In their suburban area, no traps have even been available from municipal agencies or humane groups, nor resources to help with the cost of spaying and neutering. Aside from the cats' unchecked reproduction, their welfare and that of the native wildlife are in jeopardy. Kittens and cats have been found dead or dying, the vi ...

AVMA News

Dr. Jack O. Walther, AVMA President, Officers on the road is a monthly feature of the JAVMA News, designed to let AVMA members know about the issues their leadership is addressing. Recently, you represented the AVMA at the International Military Veterinary Conference in Belgium. Why does the U.S. Army Veterinary Corps sponsor this annual event? For the past 50 years, the United States has sponsored this conference to bring together the veterinary community within all the militaries of Europe and the eastern bloc countries. Seventeen countries were represented. AVMA Executive Vice President Bruce Little and I were the two AVMA representatives. Dr. Larry Heider, executive director of the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges, a ...

College News

Training veterinary students for careers in research The National Center for Research Resources, a component of the National Institutes of Health, has funded training grants that will provide a 12-month, mentored research experience for selected veterinary students. Seven veterinary schools received the new T32 training grants—not to be confused with the traditional T32 grants—for veterinary students interested in animal-oriented, hypothesis-based research. The traditional T32 provided support to graduate veterinarians with one year of experience. The new program's objective is to prepare interested students to pursue careers in high-quality research and to compete successfully for research funding. It is anticipated that students completin ...

Equine

AAEP announces new leaders, budget increase Five new representatives to the AAEP board of directors began their terms at the end of the AAEP Annual Convention in New Orleans, Nov. 22-25. Dr. Thomas D. Brokken of Fort Lauderdale, Fla., the president of a nine-veterinarian practice devoted to the care of Thoroughbreds, will serve as 2004 AAEP vice president. Dr. Kenneth Jackson "Jack" Easley, a owner of an ambulatory practice in Shelbyville, Ky., will represent District IV. Dr. Justin B. Janssen, the owner of a five-veterinarian practice in Sheridan, Ind., will represent District V. Dr. Eric S. Peterson, an equine practitioner who owns a mixed practice in Delta, Colo., will represent District VI. Dr. Jeffrey Berk, a partner at an eq ...

FDA Surveillance News

NOTE: As of November 2007, the AVMA discontinued use of the term "informed consent" in matters relating to veterinary medicine replacing it with the term "owner consent". (see JAVMA News, Dec. 15 ) Emerging issues regarding informed consent Consumers calling hotline with concerns The staff at the Food and Drug Administration's Center for Veterinary Medicine has conducted a two-year review of consumer messages to our adverse drug experience hotline. The review indicates increasing concern by consumers about risk and benefit of commonly prescribed, approved animal drugs. The CVM established the hotline, (888) FDA-VETS, in 1996 to receive calls about adverse experiences to approved animal drugs. We expected many of these r ...

Human-Animal Bond

Call Out Call for human-animal bond papers The International Association of Human-Animal Interaction Organizations invites individuals to submit abstracts for presentation during its 10th forum. The forum, called "People and Animals: A Timeless Relationship," will be held in Glasgow, Scotland, Oct. 6-9, 2004. Abstracts can cover all disciplines and subject areas, and should describe original work in one of three categories: research, programs and applications, or critical review. Proposals must report completed work or describe established programs. Submissions must be received by March 1, 2004, and only for materials that have not been published before that date. Abstracts will be evaluated for originality of ideas and methods, a ...

International Veterinary Medicine

A long road Army veterinarians provide humanitarian aid, rebuild infrastructure in Iraq and Afghanistan It takes Lt. Col. Don L. Couch and the Army's 321st Civil Affairs Brigade two days to travel just 300 miles through the countryside of Afghanistan; it will likely take years for the veterinarian and his colleagues to complete their mission to help rebuild the country's veterinary infrastructure. It's a daunting task in the complex cultural, political, and geographic terrain of Afghanistan, but it's rewarding for the veterinarians stationed there with the San Antonio-based 321st and the Minnesota-based 407th Civil Affairs Brigade. "We feel good about what we're doing," said Lt. Col. Couch, a reservist in the San Antonio-based 321 ...

Research

'Alaskan pipeline' shows PRRSV's airborne potential Research into porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus has researchers concerned that airborne virus may play a role in the spread of the disease. For the first time, scientists have shown that PRRSV can be transmitted through the air, at distances of at least 150 meters, and infect pigs. Dr. Scott Dee, an associate professor at the University of Minnesota's Swine Disease Eradication Center, presented this research finding at the recent Conference of Research Workers in Animal Diseases meeting in Chicago. "Aerosol transmission of PRRS virus is a bit of a wild card, and probably one of the last routes of transmission that we haven't truly addressed in field conditions," ...

Ruminants

Parasite problem growing in goats Researchers search for solutions to drug-resistant parasites A serious health problem in goats has researchers scrambling to come up with solutions. A high percentage of gastrointestinal parasites that reside in these animals have become resistant to multiple anthelmintics, and the situation is rapidly getting worse. "Resistance is getting worse and worse, so we need to take a long-term view approach," says Dr. Ray Kaplan, a parasitologist at the University of Georgia and one of the researchers looking into the problem. During the past 35 years, numerous case reports and studies on the prevalence of anthelmintic resistance in goats in various countries have been published. A study in the Aug. 15, ...

Take Notice

New food safety brochure available The Department of Agriculture has released a new brochure for consumers, "Food Safety and Food Security: What Consumers Need to Know." The brochure, developed by the USDA's Food Safety and Inspection Service, provides useful tips for safe food preparation. In a concise and easy-to-follow format, the publication lays out comprehensive and practical information about safe food handling practices, foodborne illness, product recalls, keeping food safe during an emergency, and reporting suspected instances of food tampering. The brochure, available in English and Spanish, is the latest in a series of food security guidelines issued by the USDA-FSIS. The resource is part of the agency's continuing effo ...

Veterinary Community

AAEP The American Association of Equine Practitioners honored the Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association with the 2003 Equine Welfare Award, the Lavin Cup, during the President's Luncheon at the AAEP Annual Convention in November. The award was given in recognition of the PRCA's dedication to protecting the health of rodeo animals. According to the AAEP, the PRCA has worked to unite the rodeo industry on animal welfare issues, has mandated that a veterinarian be present at all PRCA-sanctioned events, and has established animal use guidelines, a humane advisory committee, and veterinary oversight committee. The AAEP awarded its Distinguished Educator Award to two veterinarians and a foundation at the convention. The veterinary division, A-O ...

Veterinary Organizations

Call Out Papers sought by zoo veterinarians Papers are invited for a joint conference of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, Wildlife Disease Association, and American Association of Wildlife Veterinarians, Aug. 27-Sept. 3, 2004, in San Diego. A joint plenary session will focus on emerging diseases; pathology; wildlife law, ethics, and policy, including rehabilitation issues; management of introduced exotics, invasive species, and pests; health issues of captive propagation and translocation projects; new technology and conservation applications; conservation efforts of marine species; animal health and applied conservation for the California ecoregion; disease ecology and epidemiology; and anesthesia and immobilization. The AAZV ...

Washington Veterinary News

Nation's top veterinarians assemble around AVMA President's Roundtable During a recent visit to Washington, D.C., AVMA President Jack O. Walther and President-Elect Bonnie V. Beaver convened a meeting of top government and military veterinarians working on homeland security and defense-related issues. During the dinner meeting at the historic Jefferson Hotel on Nov.11, 2003, Dr. Walther put into motion his pledge to study the role of veterinarians in homeland security. "The AVMA is in a position to influence our profession by working with people who are movers and shakers in (homeland security and defense)," Dr. Walther told the seven veterinarians, five of whom are in the U.S. military. There were candid discussions about how the ...