Members dedicated to supporting veterinarians and one another
Story by Malinda Larkin, recent photos by R. Scott Nolen
August 16, 2017
This article is more than 3 years old
Although women now comprise a majority of the veterinary profession, for decades they were more likely to be found running the clinic while their husbands cared for sick animals. These women organized themselves a century ago on the basis of their shared loved for the profession. Now, the members—men as well as women—are celebrating this centennial milestone and the profound impact their group has had on the profession.
From the beginning
The Women's Auxiliary to the AVMA formed Aug. 22, 1917, at the Kansas City Veterinary College in Missouri. Notably, the Auxiliary holds the distinction of being the first auxiliary to the healing arts established in the U.S., according to the Auxiliary's 50th anniversary history, "Hats and History," from which many of the following highlights through 1967 are excerpted, in addition to excerpts from the AVMA anniversary book "The AVMA: 150 Years of Education, Science, and Service."
Membership was open to wives, daughters, mothers, sisters, and widows of veterinarians. The 55 founding members set annual dues at 50 cents and elected Mrs. W. Horace Hoskins of Philadelphia as their first president. Each state was to select a secretary to report to the national auxiliary.
From the start, the women received backlash.
"Creation of an Auxiliary to the AVMA was not a wholly popular idea. Some veterinarians always had taken their wives with them to meetings, where each got together with other wives informally for food, fun, and the swapping of ideas on how to be a good wife to a veterinarian. However, some men did not want wives at the meetings. It was even rumored that a few felt that the presence of women hampered their social freedom. Many more felt that women would soon be running everything if given a chance, and it was a rather general opinion that women had no place in their husband's business. Remember, in 1917 women didn't even vote," according to the 50th anniversary book.
In fact, at the next year's AVMA annual meeting in Philadelphia, opposition leaders stationed themselves at the Auxiliary's meeting-room door to block entry, but supporters prevailed. In 1923 in Montreal, challengers again tried to dissolve the Auxiliary but were foiled. Two years later, a representative from the AVMA addressed the group for the first time, and since then, the two organizations have worked together closely.
As the Auxiliary grew, it organized more formally with an Executive Board and officers. In 1930, a movement was begun to encourage formation of state auxiliaries, laying the foundation for the Auxiliary House of Representatives, later called the House of Delegates. By the 1947 meeting, there were 25 well-organized state auxiliaries. And by 1948, each Junior AVMA organization at a veterinary school had an auxiliary, five of which had affiliated with the AVMA Auxiliary, according to the book.
At its 1959 meeting, the Auxiliary adopted a new constitution that closely paralleled the AVMA's. Each state or provincial auxiliary was allowed a delegation of one to seven members. That fall, the Auxiliary set up its office in the AVMA headquarters in Chicago, which led to a closer relationship and exchange of ideas.
A major shift came in 1977 when the Women's Auxiliary to the AVMA changed its name to its current title, the Auxiliary to the AVMA. "Deletion of the word ‘Women's' is significant because it enables all members of a veterinarian's immediate family to join the Auxiliary. The Auxiliary officers view the potential for greater involvement of the entire family as desirable for the individual veterinarians and for the betterment of the profession," according to a JAVMA article that year.
It is fitting that the members of the Women's Auxiliary to the American Veterinary Medical Association should pause to access their record of growth and to honor those of their membership who have given so generously of their time and talents to achieve that growth. The group has been faithful to their goals and the effects of their work has reached into many individual lives; their combined strengths have helped, no doubt, to mold the pathway for the parent organization. The group began under opposition and has had to prove its worth. In doing so it has left a truly remarkable record. Today, as always they stand ready, forward looking, asking of that parent organization, ‘TELL US HOW WE CAN HELP?'
Hallie B. Case, the historian for the Auxiliary's 50-year compilation "Hats and History,"
Today, the Auxiliary has membership categories besides those for family members. One category is for other people involved in the profession, such as clinic staff or VMA employees. Another is for people who just love animals and want to join.
An evolving mission
The Auxiliary has continually adapted its objectives to meet the changing needs of the veterinary profession.
Its original mission was to give financial assistance to families of veterinarians injured or killed during World War I. But with the need for war relief over by the 1919 convention, the objective changed to one of giving money to families with veterinarians who had become temporarily or permanently disabled, according to the 50th anniversary book.
In 1921, the Auxiliary authorized a student loan fund and amended its objective to state: "The object of the Auxiliary shall include a loan fund to be used for the assistance of needy veterinary students." That year, a student at The Ohio State University received the first loan, of $175.
Demand for loans reflected the events of the day. The Stock Market Crash of 1929 drove up demand, as did the Great Depression. In 1947, demand dropped, with many returning World War II veterans receiving educational grants under the GI Bill of Rights.
Looking for additional ways to serve veterinarians, the Auxiliary became more active in other realms, particularly public relations for the profession.
In 1945, it produced the booklet "What the Veterinary Profession Means to the Public." Over the years, the Auxiliary also produced pamphlets such as "Veterinary Medicine as Professional Career for Women" and "Dimensions of Veterinary Medicine," along with books such as "Veterinarians and What They Do," the "AVMA Auxiliary Coloring Book," and "The World of the Veterinarian." Videos included "Petpourri," a series of four tapes for grade school children focusing on pet care and wellness. A media kit was introduced in 1980 to help with public service announcements for TV, radio, and newspapers.
The Auxiliary also established awards. Annually, they were presented to a graduating student and a fourth-year student's spouse, the latter of which received the Lillie Grossman Silver Bowl Award, at each veterinary college, and to state science fair winners. Not to mention, the Auxiliary sponsored various student auxiliary activities and created an honor roll for constituent auxiliaries that achieved certain benchmarks. The organization's leaders also made campus visits and handed out literature such as the "Public Relations Handbook for Senior Wives," which according to the 50th anniversary book, was "designed to assist each one determine her self-concept as a veterinarian's wife and to make the image of her husband's profession one of dignity, attainment, and scientific progress to those with whom she comes in contact."
In 1973, the Auxiliary appointed a panel to compile a list of books that would enhance the profession, and two years later, the organization distributed its first "approved booklist" to librarians across the country.
To fund these endeavors, the Auxiliary became adept at fundraising.
The first effort came at the behest of then–AVMA president Dr. C. Peter Zepp in 1951, when the Auxiliary started fundraising for research. A decade later, it achieved its goal of conducting a campaign to raise $75,000 for fellowships to be awarded through the research fund.
Ten years ago, I would have thought five years ago we'd be gone, because I didn't see young people stepping up. But in the past five years, I have seen a lot of younger student spouses come to help out, the ones who are a few years out of veterinary school. Plus, there is a fun side to being a spouse. It's more than taking care of the clinic or taking care of kids because (your partner) is gone. We're turning more from a service organization to a social one, and I don't see socializing ending anytime soon, at least not with this group.
Kimberly Topper, 2000-01 president, Auxiliary to the AVMA
On top of that, the Auxiliary's popular Marketplace of States, an AVMA convention event featuring items sold by constituent auxiliaries, often netted thousands of dollars. By 1987, the annual event had reached its $1 million mark in total earnings. Most proceeds went toward the student loan fund, but some also financed other educational programs.
In 1976, the Auxiliary donated $10,702 toward the new veterinary exhibit at the Museum of Science and Industry in Chicago, and, in 1991, it contributed $10,000 for partial funding of an AVMA Congressional Science Fellowship.
The Auxiliary compiled and sold cookbooks for other projects as well. For example, it raised money for an automatic flagpole for the first headquarters building the AVMA purchased, in 1975 in Schaumburg, Illinois. In the coming months, the organization will place a commemorative bench on the grounds of the current AVMA headquarters, also in Schaumburg, in recognition of the Auxiliary's 100th anniversary.
The Marketplace of States ended after 2005, but Kimberly Topper, of Gaithersburg, Maryland, who was president of the Auxiliary in 2000-01, enjoyed the fundraiser especially because constituent auxiliaries brought unique, often handmade items such as carved figurines as well as local goods, from Vermont maple syrup to California avocados. Although the marketplace no longer takes place, the Auxiliary continues to hold its annual Kritters Korner Gift Store fundraiser at the AVMA Convention and Western Veterinary Conference every year.
Above all, the thing Topper and other Auxiliary members enjoy most is the social aspect of the organization. Indeed, socialization has been integrated in the Auxiliary's structure from day one. "Veterinarians' wives, though characteristically altruistic and hard working, have never confined themselves solely to serious projects; they have always coupled their work efforts with fun," according to the 50th anniversary book.
Whether a moonlight cruise on the St. Lawrence or a glass-bottom boat ride along Catalina Island, an excursion to Mount Rainier or a clambake in New England, Auxiliary members found fun amid their work and encountered history along the way. In 1933, they visited the Chicago World's Fair, and in 1959, the Truman Library in Independence, Missouri, where former President Harry S. Truman addressed them. Aviatrix Amelia Earhart spoke at an Auxiliary luncheon held for the wives of foreign visitors at the 1934 New York meeting.
The Women's Auxiliary celebrated its golden anniversary in 1967 in Dallas' Baker Hotel. Auxiliary board members costumed in clothes fashionable in 1917 served as hostesses. Entertainment was a look at "Hats and History" from 1896-1967. Decorating the tables were dolls dressed by constituent auxiliaries in fashions of the preceding 50 years. For the 75th anniversary in 1992 in Boston, members were treated to a performance by the Boston Classical Orchestra. Diamond-shaped crystal clocks and official Auxiliary history books were handed out as mementos.
During AVMA Convention 2017 in Indianapolis, the Auxiliary's 100th anniversary festivities involved a silent auction with baskets donated by past presidents of the Auxiliary and the AVMA Board of Directors in addition to individual student chapters of the AVMA, most of which provided a "school spirit" basket. The main Auxiliary centennial event—a luncheon—featured decorations and giveaways carrying the theme of the 10-Carat Diamond Jubilee, as did the Auxiliary's 100th anniversary book.
Topper, whose husband, Dr. Michael Topper, is the 2017-18 AVMA president, said she's met lifelong friends through the Auxiliary.
"No matter where we go, we know somebody, whether it's through the military or the Auxiliary or the AVMA. Knowing that there's always somebody there who knows what you're dealing with or going through, who you can reach out to, is critical," she said.
"That's particularly true right now, when the suicide issue has become so huge. We need to be there for each other, to be able to reach out—if nothing else, share an email."
Allegra Mooney-Waldron, president of the Auxiliary, agrees. She points out that compassion fatigue, too, is not something that only veterinarians but also their families deal with on a daily basis. Mooney-Waldron, who works as the practice manager at Maple Run Veterinary Clinic in Mount Gilead, Ohio, which is owned by her mother, Dr. Martha Mooney, sees it firsthand.
"We're looking for new ways to support the profession. What can we do and how can we change to keep up with changes? That's the million-dollar question. This conversation has to maybe look into ways to help with compassion fatigue. We're already helping with the cost of veterinary school. What else can we do? We want to have a conversation with our board and the AVMA Board of Directors on what we can do to help," she said. "Family is one of the main support systems for veterinarians, so it would be fitting."
Indeed, the Auxiliary has struggled to remain as relevant as possible, given the gender shift that led to employed female veterinarians outnumbering males in 2009, a trend associated with a corresponding decline in Auxiliary members.
In its first 40 years, the Auxiliary saw its membership increase from the original 55 charter members to 6,000. Membership peaked at more than 10,000 in 1971. But by 1990, the number had fallen to 6,460, and by 2000, it was 2,765. As of July 2017, the Auxiliary had about 700 members.
With the decline in Auxiliary membership, some have called for the organization to dissolve. A resolution outlining a plan for voluntary dissolution was submitted to the Auxiliary HOD in 2011. In August 2012, however, delegates passed a resolution from the Auxiliary board postponing indefinitely the resolution for voluntary dissolution.
"We're proud that we've lasted this long, because with changing demographics, we don't have as many people joining, but we always have someone willing to step in and help out," Topper said. "We may not have as many members, but those members (we do have) are still active, making sure Kritters Korner takes place, and we have officers that do the things that need to be done."
She continued, "Ten years ago, I would have thought five years ago we'd be gone, because I didn't see young people stepping up. But in the past five years, I have seen a lot of younger student spouses come to help out, the ones who are a few years out of veterinary school. Plus, there is a fun side to being a spouse. It's more than taking care of the clinic or taking care of kids because (your partner) is gone. We're turning more from a service organization to a social one, and I don't see socializing ending anytime soon, at least not with this group."
The Auxiliary also continues to do good works. In 2011, the Auxiliary House of Delegates authorized the organization's Executive Board to convert the student loan fund to become the Auxiliary to the AVMA Legacy Endowed Scholarship Program. The program, administered by the American Veterinary Medical Foundation, awards $1,000 scholarships to second- and third-year veterinary students at each of the 30 U.S. veterinary colleges.
"How many organizations can say they have $2 million set aside for scholarships?" Mooney-Waldron asked. "It's neat to know that the Auxiliary heritage, no matter what, is out there and continues to impact veterinary students."
In fact, the Auxiliary plans to double the amount of scholarships it awards, starting this year.
In addition, the organization still promotes National Pet Week, an annual event the AVMA and Auxiliary created in 1981 to foster responsible pet ownership as well as recognize the human-animal bond and increase public awareness of veterinary medicine. It is held the first week of May.
The Auxiliary's impact on the veterinary profession has been profound, be it in teaching the public what veterinarians do or raising money for worthwhile efforts, and members say they will continue to carry on that legacy for the foreseeable future.
As Mooney-Waldron put together the Auxiliary's centennial anniversary book earlier this year, she was struck by a quotation from Ethlyn W. Bott, an Auxiliary past president:
"We live in a world in which communications have become almost instantaneous—a world across which we traverse in minutes, with immeasurable advancements in science, medicine, social welfare, and economics. People are no longer content with things as they were in the past. The clock moves fast, and we are concerned for the nations and people who are caught up in a whirl of new ideas, desires, and plans. ... In planning for the future in the matter of human relations, it is a responsibility of Auxiliary women continually to question their own performance, to reevaluate the platform of their efforts, and always be willing to share with others."
Waldron said, "I feel like we live in a world where relationships haven't had the emphasis like they should. That's what the Auxiliary has always been—relationships between spouses and families of veterinarians. We love these vets so fiercely, but it can be a big challenge because they have a hard job, and we have to support them in any way we can."
Check out an interactive timeline detailing the history of the Auxiliary to the AVMA at http://jav.ma/auxiliarytimeline as well as a video of Kimberly Topper, a past president of the Auxiliary, talking about the organization's significance and its plans for the future at http://jav.ma/auxiliaryvideo.