State regulation of veterinary facilities

Updated October 2019

Veterinary facilities are generally regulated at a state level. Many states have specific guidelines and requirements that veterinary facilities must maintain in order to receive an operating permit. Other states do not have specific requirements but often include the failure to maintain sanitary facilities as a violation of the Veterinary Practice Act.

There are currently 35 jurisdictions including Washington, D.C., that have specific regulations governing the operation of veterinary facilities. The regulations include such items as sanitary requirements, housing requirements, specifications concerning surgical facilities, and building maintenance requirements.

The jurisdictions that have regulations concerning facility standards include Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Washington, Washington, D.C., West Virginia and Wyoming.

Note that in Alabama and Ohio, veterinary hospitals accredited by the American Animal Hospital Association are deemed to be in compliance with state inspection.

Source: Staff research, AVMA Division of State Advocacy
Contact: State Policy Analyst, AVMA Division of State Advocacy