National Policy for Oceans, Coasts & Great Lakes - (Part 3)

Formal title: Interagency Policy Task Force; Interim Framework for Effective Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning

On December 9, 2009, the Interagency Policy Task Force released the interim framework for Effective Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning (CMSP).

Brief Description:

This framework defines CMSP, the reasons for engaging in CMSP, and describes its geographic scope. Additionally, the framework describes how CMSP plans would be regional in their scope and developed cooperatively among Federal, State, tribal, local authorities, and regional governance structures, with substantial stakeholder and public input.

The National Goals of Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning; for CMSP to be successful, it must be based on clear, broad-based goals that define the desired outcomes to be achieved. CMSP in the United States would be developed and implemented to further the following goals:

  1. Support sustainable, safe, secure, efficient, and productive uses of the ocean, our coasts, and the Great Lakes, including those that contribute to the economy, commerce, recreation, conservation, homeland and national security, human health, safety, and welfare;
  2. Protect, maintain, and restore the Nation's ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes resources and ensure resilient ecosystems and their ability to provide sustained delivery of ecosystem services;
  3. Provide for and maintain public access to ocean, coasts, and Great Lakes;
  4. Promote Compatibility among uses and reduce user conflicts and environmental impacts;
  5. Streamline and improve the rigor, coherence, and consistency of decision-making and regulatory processes;
  6. Increase certainty and predictability in planning for and implementing new investments for ocean, coastal, and Great Lakes uses; and
  7. Enhance interagency, intergovernmental, and international communication and collaboration.

AVMA Response:

The AVMA responded in a letter to the Chair of the Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force on February 12, 2010. The AVMA appreciates the move toward a more refined CMSP by the U.S. from a "precautionary approach" based on partial or biased information to an increased sound-science approach.

Through the 'One Health Initiative' the veterinary profession is focused on animal health, human health and environmental health. As such, the AVMA believes that the veterinary profession should serve as the scientific and technical experts on aquaculture and harvest fisheries management plans that involve animal health, public health and food safety. Hence, the AVMA should be consulted when new policies are created and implemented. Policies and regulations developed within Federal and State regulatory agencies tasked with overlapping responsibilities to animal and human health are of great importance to the AVMA, the veterinary profession and animal industries.

Zoonotic diseases, including aquatic animal diseases are now recognized as having an impact upon farmed fisheries (aquaculture). Ultimately, there will be a need for all agencies, government, public, and private to be committed partners in developing policies and programs that involve CMSP.

Background Documents:

The White House Council on Environmental Quality, Interagency Policy Task Force; Interim Framework for Effective Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning of December 9, 2009 (PDF)

February 12, 2010 Letter (PDF)