In October, Drs. Lester M. Crawford Jr. and Jim E. Riviere were elected to the National Academy of Sciences' Institute of Medicine. Election to the institute is considered one of the highest honors in the fields of medicine and health.
Dr. Crawford is deputy commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration. Dr. Riviere is professor of pharmacology and director of the Center for Chemical Toxicology Research and Pharmacokinetics at North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine.
The two veterinarians were among 65 newly elected members, raising the institute's total active membership to 1,382.
Members of the Institute of Medicine are chosen worldwide on the basis of their distinguished professional achievement in a field related to medicine and health, and on their involvement in health care, disease prevention, education, and research. They contribute to the institute's reports and research projects.
Dr. Crawford has served as FDA deputy commissioner since February 2002. Previously, he headed the Center for Food and Nutrition Policy at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
In addition, Dr. Crawford was administrator of the Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service, director of the FDA Center for Veterinary Medicine, and executive director of the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges.
He received a DVM degree from Auburn University School of Veterinary Medicine and a PhD degree in pharmacology from the University of Georgia.
Dr. Riviere joined the NC State College of Veterinary Medicine in 1981 and is now the Burroughs Wellcome Fund Distinguished Professor of Pharmacology. He also is co-founder and co-director of the USDA-supported Food Animal Residue Avoidance Databank.
Dr. Riviere's primary research focus is the development of pharmacokinetic models to study the absorption and transport of drugs and chemicals across the skin.
He is the editor of the Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics and has published more than 350 full-length research papers and chapters, authored or co-authored seven books, and holds five U.S. patents.
Dr. Riviere received a DVM degree and PhD degree in pharmacology from Purdue University.