A group of industry stakeholders facilitated by National Pork Board staff that included representatives from the National Association of Swine Records (NSR, CPS, and ABA), swine extension specialists, pork producers and the National Pork Producers Council met to address potential concerns with swine exhibitions and pig shows related to the influenza A H1N1-2009 outbreak. The group received input on a draft of risk management options from members or employees of the National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians (NASPHV), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), several State Veterinarians, influenza researchers, state swine extension specialists and the Pork Checkoff's Animal Science, Swine Health and Public Health/Producer Safety Committees.
Following extensive discussion and deliberation of the comments received, and following a conference call with public health and animal health experts, the group has issued the following recommendations to manage risk at swine exhibitions during the 2009 show season. In addition, we have approached the National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians and several State Veterinarians to help develop a plan to identify and respond to influenza-like illness in pigs and/or exhibitors at swine exhibitions.
Background: These recommendations were developed by a working group of people involved in swine exhibitions. Input was sought from various stakeholder audiences including public health, veterinary medicine, regulatory veterinary medicine, influenza researchers and other commercial producers. The purpose of these recommendations is to reduce the risk of interspecies transmission of influenza A – H1N1 2009.
Jackpot and other non-terminal market hog shows – exhibitions for market hogs that would not be sent to slaughter immediately following the show. These animals may return to their home premises and/or go to subsequent exhibitions.
High Traffic Shows – events where the general public is urged to attend and to visit the exhibitions resulting in a high volume of direct interaction between exhibitors, swine and the general public. This would include state and some county fairs.
Human health – exhibitors, and other animal caretakers, that have flu-like symptoms should not be around swine for at least seven (7) days or until a physician has ruled out influenza as a diagnosis
Swine health – pigs should be observed daily for signs of disease or infection. If flu-like signs are observed, a veterinarian should be contacted for diagnosis. Project pigs with clinical signs of any disease or in the early treatment phases for disease should not be transported or exhibited.
All recommendations for breeding and terminal shows listed above should be followed. In addition:
Risk Management Recommendations for Points Outside of Exhibition Settings