Literature Reviews

AVMA literature reviews are science-based, peer-reviewed literature summaries of select topics relevant to animal health and welfare. They are written by AVMA professional staff in response to a demonstrated need for summary information. They may also include attention to the issue’s legislative, legal, economic, ethical, and social components, as well as implications for veterinary practice. AVMA literature reviews are not AVMA policy, and generally do not draw conclusions; they simply report what we know from the literature or other verifiable data about a given topic. Peer-reviewers for AVMA literature reviews are selected by staff from among recognized experts in their field, after reviewing related peer-reviewed published works and seeking input from those working on the topic of interest. Recognizing that even science is not value-free, in addition to ensuring we involve the needed experts, we attempt to be comprehensive and inclusive with respect to reviewers’ backgrounds and perspectives when soliciting comments. Peer-review for literature reviews is similar to peer-review used for publication of articles in scientific and other professional journals.

AVMA welcomes new information that will improve the content of its literature reviews. Please share any comments or suggestions you have on our literature reviews by sending them, with supporting documentation (e.g., scientific articles, verifiable data), to