The practice of veterinary medicine is required for the health and welfare of aquatic animals in U.S. waters outside of state jurisdiction. Throughout the U.S., involvement of veterinarians is required for diagnosing, prescribing, issuing VFDs and international health certificates, and other acts of veterinary practice. For these reasons, the AVMA holds that licensed and federally accredited veterinarians must be utilized in aquaculture systems within U.S. waters outside of state jurisdiction.
The AVMA recommends that the criteria for veterinarians to practice veterinary medicine in these waters consist of three components:
Furthermore, AVMA recommends that USDA-APHIS-VS be the lead agency for aquatic animal health oversight for commercially cultured aquatic animals in waters outside state jurisdiction.