Veterinarian Notification of Violative Residues in Foods of Animal Origin

The AVMA supports a safe, abundant, and wholesome food supply raised in an environment that enhances public health and animal well-being.  The AVMA recognizes that the use of FDA approved pharmaceuticals in food animals is necessary to treat, prevent and control disease, to improve animal well-being and to present healthy and safe animals for market.  The AVMA supports the tolerances for residues for all FDA-CVM approved food animal pharmaceuticals. 
 
Preventing violative drug residues is a basic tenet of responsible animal care and of safe food production.  Veterinarians have an essential role in preventing such violations and ensuring the appropriate and judicious use of pharmaceuticals on food animal operations.  Therefore, the AVMA advocates for:
 
  1. Judicious use of all pharmaceuticals in food animals occurring under guidance within a valid VCPR.
  2. Veterinary oversight of drug use on farms to ensure compliance, judicious use, and residue prevention programs are followed.  This veterinary oversight should occur for all drugs used on the farm regardless of the distribution channel or prescription status of the drug.
  3. As new animal drugs are established, the AVMA encourages FDA to establish tolerances for such drugs and encourages USDA-FSIS to institute testing programs for the detection of violative drug residues of these new compounds to protect public health.
  4. A process whereby the veterinarian of record or prescribing veterinarian for a farm is notified when a violative drug residue in meat, milk , egg or other food product of animal origin is detected. Steps below should be triggered by a first violative residue for a producer and any subsequent violations:
    1. Require producer of the violative product to provide the name(s) of the veterinarian(s) to appropriate regulatory agencies, so that FDA will notify that veterinarian(s) of the violation.
    2. Require producers who have violative residues to complete a workable written residue prevention plan with the veterinarian identified. The producer is recognized as the principal party satisfying the plan as a condition of compliance.
    3. Public notification should be limited to repeat violators.
 
Public notification of first time violators who do not complete steps a+b above within 30 days of first violative notice should be made through the USDA-FSIS Residue Violation Information System.