The AVMA recognizes the need for sufficient approved therapeutics to facilitate safe and effective prevention, diagnosis, treatment and control of aquatic animal disease and:
The following points should be considered with respect to the use of therapeutics in aquatic animal disease:
Veterinarians are solely responsible for writing prescriptions and Veterinary Feed Directives for animal (including aquatic animal) drug treatment; however, there are very few approved drugs for aquatic animals. Therefore, in addition to the overall actions listed above, the AVMA will work to address this situation by:
The AVMA encourages veterinarians and aquatic animal owners to work closely together in the selection and use of approved or indexed drugs, as identified by FDA CVM, to ensure that these are administered in a manner consistent with:
The AVMA encourages appropriate action be taken to remove drugs that are being illegally marketed.
The AVMA recognizes that infectious disease prevention can be achieved through the appropriate use of important health management alternatives to drugs, including veterinary biologics. The AVMA supports the central role that veterinarians play in the development, selection, administration and monitoring of veterinary biologics for aquatic animal disease prevention, diagnosis and control. The AVMA endorses the development and use of biologics and disease diagnostic tests for aquatic animals in accordance with USDA regulations for these products in other species.
The AVMA recognizes that pesticides used to control life stages of parasites off the animal but in the environment are licensed through the Environmental Protection Agency and must be used in accordance with the label directions; that these products are often used without veterinary supervision; and that persons purchasing these products do not require a veterinary prescription.
The AVMA encourages veterinarians and aquatic animal owners or production facility managers to work together to ensure the responsible use of approved pesticides as part of an integrated pest control program.
The AVMA also recommends that non-veterinarians considering a pesticide treatment for an aquatic animal holding facility contact a veterinarian with experience in the management of aquatic animal diseases as an important step in the preparation of an appropriate integrated pest management plan.