ii Egregious offenses may also be prosecutable under anti-cruelty statutes, which may provide for civil and/or criminal penalties.iii The Board/Agency may adopt the standards set out in the model regulations accompanying this model bill, or use as a guideline for the humane handling, care, treatment, and transportation of dogs the standards of Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service of the United States Department of Agriculture as set out in 9 CFR 3.1 et seq.iv Valid justifications for a recommendation not to breed may include concerns about physical and/or behavioral health, the perpetuation of genetic defects, and frequency.v To avoid setting licensing fees prohibitively high, monies in addition to those generated from licensing fees and civil penalties may need to be appropriated for effective implementation of the Act.vi Animal Welfare Act. 7 USC 2131. 1985. 9 CFR 3.1 et seq,vii Available at http://www.avma.org/issues/animal_welfare/euthanasia.pdf.
Background and Context for the Model Bill and Regulations to Assure Appropriate Care for Dogs Intended for Use as Pets