Importation and Interstate Movement of Wildlife and Exotic Animals

Comment on this policy

The AVMA recommends that appropriate state and federal agencies develop, implement, and enforce regulations prohibiting the importation and interstate movement of wildlife and exotic or invasive animals when there is reasonable probability that such movement may spread diseases that threaten the health of humans, domestic animals, or wildlife (eg, chronic wasting disease, pseudorabies, rabies, tuberculosis, brucellosis, monkeypox, foot and mouth disease, Ebola hemorrhagic fever, avian influenza, and Newcastle disease). This position recognizes that planned release and relocation, when performed with adequate controls and planning by wildlife, agriculture, and public health authorities, are valid management tools, especially in species propagation and recovery plans. Consideration should be given to all potential impacts of movement of wildlife, such as genetics, parasites, and pathogens and should be science based.