The AVMA believes that the embryo transfer procedure is a function of veterinary practice, because it requires diagnosis and the use of legend pharmaceuticals and/or use of pharmaceuticals in an extra-label manner as described by the Animal Medicinal Drug Use Clarification Act and it may require surgery and use of controlled substances. To be effective, embryo transfer procedures demand the extensive knowledge in anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, biochemistry, endocrinology, and sterile surgical procedures that is part of the training of the graduate veterinarian. Any non-veterinarian embryo transfer technologist should work under the supervision of a licensed veterinarian.
Embryo transfer procedures are regulated by the various state practice acts. The AVMA encourages all veterinarians to conform to the laws of the states in which they practice.