Brucellosis Policy

Comment on this policy

The AVMA supports the sustained commitment of all responsible state and federal agencies to continue appropriate and timely actions to control and eradicate brucellosis in susceptible domestic and wild animal populations. Continued support for disease control efforts toward the ultimate eradication of brucellosis should remain a national priority.

High priorities for brucellosis control and eradication include the following:

  • Research
    • The AVMA supports the research priorities of the US Animal Health Association Laramie Agenda and the Consortium for the Advancement of Brucellosis Science.
    • Development of vaccines and vaccine delivery systems appropriate for target populations. The AVMA supports, as a high priority the rapid development and use of a safe and effective vaccine against brucellosis to promote domestic animal health, public health, and wildlife health and to conserve wildlife populations and their genetic diversity.
    • Development of improved diagnostic tests, validated for the target species, with improved performance (sensitivity and specificity).
    • Studies to further clarify the epidemiology of brucellosis, including disease pathogenesis, host immune responses (in both wildlife and livestock), and transmission parameters. These factors, once determined, may be exploited for control and elimination of the disease in susceptible populations.
  • Population Disease Management:
    • Greater Yellowstone Brucellosis: The AVMA urges state and federal agencies to continue working together to implement plans to control and eliminate brucellosis from bison and elk populations in the Greater Yellowstone Area.
    • Surveillance: The AVMA urges the USDA to maintain emphasis on comprehensive nationwide surveillance during the last phases of eradication and following eradication.
    • Feral Swine: The AVMA supports the Cooperative State-Federal Swine Brucellosis Eradication Program and related research. The AVMA encourages continued research on the elimination of brucellosis from feral swine populations to support the eradication of brucellosis from the United States.
  • Regulatory Changes
    • For research priorities to be accomplished, the AVMA encourages the removal of Brucella abortus from the USDA Department of Health and Human Services CDC select agent lists.
  • Funding
    • The AVMA urges adequate funding for brucellosis control and eradication efforts by the USDA.