Regulatory Brief

 Bovine Brucellosis Program Concept Paper


Formal title: Docket Number [APHIS-2009-0006-0002] Notice of Availability of a Bovine Brucellosis Program Concept Paper


Brief Description:

The USDA APHIS is advising the public that the Bovine Brucellosis Program Concept Paper describing a new direction for the bovine brucellosis program was available for public review and comment. The cooperative Federal-State-industry effort to eradicate bovine brucellosis from cattle in the United States has made significant progress since the program's inception in 1934. However, several challenges impede eradication. The concept paper presents the current thinking of the USDA APHIS on the changes it is considering for the bovine brucellosis program.

AVMA Response:

The AVMA supports the concept paper and applauds the efforts of the APHIS Veterinary Services in collaboratively developing its proposed adaptive national program modifications. Proposed cooperative and science based steps, such as transitioning from a census-based to a statistical-based sampling of the national herd and implementing the use of designated disease management area and designated surveillance area approaches, will facilitate more targeted and efficient disease eradication efforts.

The AVMA also stresses the need for a mandatory national animal identification system for the program to be truly effective. Without such a system in place, epidemiological investigations will remain hampered. The AVMA acknowledges that the Greater Yellowstone Area (GYA) is currently a higher risk area for brucellosis in livestock because of the area's livestock-wildlife interface and its potential wildlife reservoir of brucellosis and appreciates the proposed focus of resources on that area. To make the brucellosis control and eradication program stronger and to reduce the risk for other states, the AVMA hopes that increased disease surveillance and a required animal identification system will be utilized in that area.

Background Documents:

View Federal Register document (PDF)

Concept Paper for Bovine Brucellosis Program (PDF)

Status:

The AVMA responded on December 3, 2009. (PDF)